Vector images are edited by manipulating the lines and curves that make up the image using a program such as Adobe Illustrator. Image files can be either bitmaps or vectors. In some contexts, the term bitmap implies one bit per pixel, while pixmap is used for images with multiple bits per pixel. The following is a description of the simplest lossless compression technique called run length encoding RLE that is used with good effect for bitmaps with only a few colours. Consider the following small, 17 x 10 pixel, 8 bit image.

Name: Gakinos
Format: JPEG, PNG
License: For Personal Use Only
iPhone 5, 5S resolutions 640×1136
iPhone 6, 6S resolutions 750×1334
iPhone 7, 7 Plus, 8, 8 Plus resolutions 1080×1920
Android Mobiles HD resolutions 360×640, 540×960, 720×1280
Android Mobiles Full HD resolutions 1080×1920
Mobiles HD resolutions 480×800, 768×1280
Mobiles QHD, iPhone X resolutions 1440×2560
HD resolutions 1280×720, 1366×768, 1600×900, 1920×1080, 2560×1440, Original

By convention 0 is normally black and white. The more general term pix-map refers to a map of pixelswhere each one may store more than two colors, thus using more than one bit per pixel. If these states are mapped onto a ramp of greys from black to white the bitmap is refereed to as a greyscale image. Most printing processes retain the pixels per inch DPI units for historical reasons. This page was last edited on 23 Marchat Vitmaps graphics can be scaled without losing resolution.

One of the most common vector file formats is scalable vector graphics SVG. Techopedia explains Bitmap BMP To create a bitmap, an image is broken into the smallest bitmpas units pixels and then the color information of each pixel color depth is stored in bits that are bitmpas out in rows and columns.

Definition Bitmaps are defined as a regular rectangular mesh of cells called pixels, each pixel containing a colour value.


There are several file formats to choose from, and each has advantages and disadvantages. Note that while only two states are possible they could be interpreted as any two colours, 0 is mapped to one colour, 1 is mapped to another colour.

A bitmap refers to a specific type of data storageā€”a map of bits. A common operation that reduces the size of large 24 bit bitmaps is to convert them to indexed colour with an optimised palette, that is, a palette which best represents the colours available in the bitmap.

The complexity of a bitmap image can be increased botmaps varying the color intensity of each dot or by increasing the number of rows and columns used to create the image. Tech-Ease is your source for just-in-time answers for classroom technology questions.

A Beginners Guide to Bitmaps

Vector graphics are used in: For example consider the following bitmap the original of which is x pixels at 24 bit colour. In the reverse situation where the destination has different and lower capabilities, then the bitmap has to be converted into something that gives the best possible representation.

On devices with nn rectangular pixels the resolution may be specified as two numbers, the horizontal and vertical resolution. Fortunately the black and white device usually has much higher resolution than the bitmap so there are a number of pixels available to create the greyscale approximation.

Resolution is normally specified in pixels per inch but could be in terms of any other unit of measure. Of course if the destination device has better colour than the bitmap then there is no issue since the bitmap can be exactly represented. Planning a Complete Security Strategy: When you break down an image into a grid made of thousands of squares, you get a bitmap.


Screening will not be discussed here except to say that it approximates grey levels by different size objects the size of the object is proportional to the grey level The objects are arranged on in a regular matrix which is at some angle to the horizontal.

Tech Ease for all your classroom technology needs. Vector images tend to be smaller than bitmap images.

What is a Bitmap (BMP)? – Definition from Techopedia

They can be enlarged or reduced in size – but the file size will stay almost exactly the same. There are two broad categories of compressed file format, those which are lossless retain the bitmaps perfectly and those which are lossy.

Unlike bitmaps, vector images are not based on pixel patterns, but instead use mathematical formulas to draw lines and curves that can be combined to create an image from geometric objects such as circles and polygons. If this bitmap was printed at DPI then it would measure 2 inches by 1 inch.

In this case each pixel takes 1 byte btmaps bits of storage resulting in different states.

As a further example the following two images are identical in information content, they do however have different resolutions and hence different pixel sizes. See Compression methods for techniques and Compression software for codecs.

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